Lao PDR Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and gaz sf6).Get price

Overview of Sulfr hexafluoride Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Aug 28, 2018 · These practices have been developed, tested, and shared over the past decade by participants in EPASF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems. The SF 6 Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems is an innovative voluntary program developed jointly by the EPA and the electric power industry to improve equipment reliability while reducing emissions of SF 6, a potent greenhouse gas that remains in the atmosphere for thousands of years.Get price

Lao PDR Carbon (CO2) Emissions 1960-2021 | MacroTrends

Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Lao PDR carbon (co2) emissions for 2016 was 17,762.95, a 96.35% increase from 2015. Lao PDR carbon (co2) emissions for 2015 was 9,046.49, a 98.63% increase from 2014.Get price

Global Emissions of Sulfr hexafluoride and the Costs of Reducing Them: EPA’s

Emissions = RAND sales to utilities + nameplate capacity of retiring equip. (40-year life) + 16% add-on for Russia and China (not in RAND)-U.S., Japanese, EU-25+3 emissions These emissions are allocated to countries according to their net electricity consumption.Get price

Lao PDR - Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)

The value for Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) in Lao PDR was 161,719 as of 2012. As the graph below shows, over the past 42 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 161,719 in 2012 and a minimum value of 14,116 in 1976. Definition: Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest firesGet price

GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

virtually no sf6 gas emissions occur, since most of the sf6 gas is decomposed when reacting with aluminium (Victor and MacDonald, 1998). After checking with the patent description it is concluded that all SF 6 usedGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas sf6 gas are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.Get price

2006 IPCC Guidelines for Estimating gaz sf6 Emissions from

6 Emissions Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems Annual Reporting Form Name: Company Name: Title: Report Year: Phone: Date Completed: CHANGE IN insulating gas INVENTORY (IN CYLINDERS) Inventory (in cylinders, not equipment) AMOUNT Comments 1. Beginning of Year 2. End of Year A. Change in Inventory (1 - 2) - PURCHASES/ACQUISITIONS OF sf6 gasGet price

Sulfur hexafluoride - NIST

Infrared SpectrumReferencesNotesGo To: Top, References, Notes Data compilation copyrightby the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A.All rights reserved. Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. LaffertyGet price

Frequently Asked Questions: Regulation for Reducing Sulfur

Jan 22, 2019 · during the year, are the assumed emissions and emission rates zero? No. There is the possibility that gas cylinders may be defective or had valves left open, which can cause emissions. Hence, SF 6 gas cylinders must be weighed annually at the end of each calendar year. 27. Are the SF 6 data required to be reported expected to cover all SF 6Get price

Electric Transmission Distribution SF Coalition

Gas emissions in pounds • User Emissions LBS = (Decrease in SF. 6. inventory)+ (Acquisitions of SF. 6) –(Disbursements of SF. 6) –(Net Increase of Nameplate SF. 6. Capacity of Active Owned GIS Equipment) • Annual sf6 gas emissions in % • User Emissions % = Emissions (LBS) ÷ Cavg • Cavg = The average number of days a GIS is installedGet price

Managing Sulfr hexafluoride Gas Inventory and Emissions

Managing Sulfr hexafluoride Gas Inventory and Emissions Implementing Digital sf6 gas Tracking Solutions Chase Sanders [email protected] 615‐686‐5414 Manager of Specialty Projects www.refrigerantauthority.comGet price

Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) - Lao

Total greenhouse gas emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) - Lao PDR European Commission, Joint Research Centre ( JRC )/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency ( PBL ). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research ( EDGAR ), EDGARv4.2 FT2012: edgar.jrc.ec.europa.euGet price

Features of absorption of intense IR emission by Sulfr hexafluoride

Results are reported for an experimental study of the sf6 gas absorption spectrum during high-intensity IR irradiation of sf6 gas molecules by a CO2 laser. It is found that the band of the Sulfr hexafluoride absorption maximum is shifted toward longer wavelengths during high-intensity irradiation by IR pulses whose duration exceeds the vibrational and rotational relaxation time.Get price

Laos CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

CO2 emissions per capita in the Lao PeopleDemocratic Republic are equivalent to 0.66 tons per person (based on a population of 6,845,846 in 2016), an increase by 0.04 over the figure of 0.62 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of 6.3% in CO2 emissions per capita.Get price

Emissions Summary for Lao PeopleDemocratic Republic

CO2 emissions without LUCF CO2 net emissions/removals by LUCF GHG emissions without LUCF GHG net emissions/removals by LUCF--From 1990 to 2000 153.6 GHG net emissions/removals with LUCF--Emissions Summary for Lao PeopleDemocratic Republic Changes in emissions, in per cent CO2 emissions without LUCF Emissions, in Gg CO2 equivalent CO2Get price

Sri Lanka Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021 | MacroTrends

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and Sulfr hexafluoride).Get price

FLIR GF306 gaz sf6 Optical Gas Imaging Camera | FLIR Systems

Go to Product Support. The FLIR GF306 optical gas imaging camera visualizes sulfur hexafluoride (sf6 gas) and other gas emissions without the need to shut down operations. sf6 gas is used in the electric power industry as an insulator and quenching medium for gas-insulated substations and circuit breakers. The portable, non-contact GF306 allows you to quickly scan substations for leaks while maintaining a safe distance from high-voltage equipment.Get price

gaz sf6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent

gaz sf6 gas emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Lao PDR European Commission, Joint Research Centre ( JRC )/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency ( PBL ). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research ( EDGAR ): edgar.jrc.ec.europa.euGet price

insulating gas Emission Reduction Partnership for Electric Power Systems

by 64 percent from the 1999 baseline emission rate of 15.2 percent. The aggregated program statistics for each year since the 1999 Partnership launch are summarized in Table 1. 1. The results presented. 2. in this report are based on a methodology to . 1 . Trends across years should be evaluated using the SF. 6 emission rate, rather than gaz sf6Get price

Are Optical Gas Imaging Technologies Effective For Methane

Aug 03, 2016 · reproduces IR images of controlled methane release field experiments as well as reported minimum detection limits. We show that imaging distance is the most important parameter affecting IR detection effectiveness. In a simulated well-site, over 80% of emissions can be detected from an imaging distance of 10 m.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) or sulphur hexafluoride (British spelling), is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant.Get price

Capturing Fugitives to Reduce DOE’s GHG Emissions

Nov 15, 2011 · The most common fugitive emission at Department sites is sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride), a nontoxic gas used in electric insulation. In terms of emissions, one pound of gaz sf6 is equivalent to about 11 tons of CO2.Get price

Optical Gas Imaging | FLIR Systems

FLIR optical gas imaging (OGI) cameras can help you detect methane, sulfur hexafluoride, and hundreds of other industrial gases quickly, accurately, and safely - without shutting down systems.Get price

4 DEVELOPMENT DIRECTIONS OF LOW EMISSION TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN

4.9 Grid electricity emission factors in other countries are around 0.9 (China), 0.5 (Thailand), 0.4 (EU and Japan), 0.3 (California), and 0.2 (Austria) (in kgCO2/kWh). In such countries, emission reductions are much less than in Lao PDR. Therefore, Lao PDR is in a better position of obtaining larger emission reductions from EV/PHEV projects asGet price

Electricity Transmission and Distribution Greenhouse Gas

Sulfur hexafluoride is a commonly used insulator in electricity transmission and distribution equipment. Because of its high global warming potential (GWP), CARB adopted the Regulation for Reducing Sulfur Hexafluoride Emissions from Gas Insulated Switchgear in 2010.Get price

Gas Detection Cameras | FLIR Industrial | FLIR Systems

gaz sf6 Optical Gas Imaging Camera The FLIR GF306 optical gas imaging camera visualizes sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) and other gas emissions without the need to shut down operations. insulating gas is used in the electric power industry as an insulator and quenching medium for gas-insulated substations and circuit breakers.Get price

Emission monitor for Sulfr hexafluoride gas, model GA35 EN

6 WIKA operating instructions emission monitor for gaz sf6 gas, model GA35 14008241.01 01/2016 EN/DE EN 2. Design and function 2. Design and function 2.1 Overview SF 6-IR-Monitor Alarm High Alarm Low Fault Calibration ZERO + SPAN + - - LC display Navigation keys Alarm and fault indications Buzzer Cable gland for power supply Cable gland forGet price

OECD iLibrary | IEA CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Statistics

This dataset presents detailed statistics on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel combustion by product (coal/peat, oil, gas) and flow (manufacturing, main activity producer, construction and more) according to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. Data are presented from 1960 onwards.Get price

CONTENT CHAPTER 1 - UNFCCC

As a result of Lao PDRspecial attention to climate change within a broader global perspective, the Government (GoL) in 2009 revised the mandate of the National Environment Committee, also chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister, to include climate change in itsGet price